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MenoPause Blog

Is there a relationship between menopause and cancer?

by Margery Gass | Oct 08, 2014
No, menopause itself doesn’t increase the risk of cancer. Cancers are more common as people age, however. Most cancers occur in people age 55 and older. The cancer most women are concerned about is breast cancer and whether hormone therapy increases the risk. Women with a uterus, who need to use a progestogen in addition to an estrogen, have some increased breast cancer risk after3 to 5 years of taking these hormones. Women who have had a hysterectomy who can use estrogen alone show no increased risk after 7 years. Keep in mind that many other things affect breast cancer risk, including your genes, your weight, and your lifestyle. Hormone therapy can also play a role in uterine cancer. If you have a uterus and don’t take, or don’t take enough, progestogen with it, that can increase the risk. If you have any menstrual-like bleeding after menopause, see your healthcare provider about it. The risk of colon cancer, the most common cause of cancer death in both women and men, increases with age, and combined hormone therapy may lower the risk for women. But for this cancer, too, many other things affect your risk, including genetics, weight, and lifestyle. If you are at average risk, you should have a colonoscopy every 10 years starting at age 50.

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